Compression

How and why to equalize your compressor’s sidechain signal

How and why to equalize your compressor's sidechain signal

A function offered by many compressors is the ability to equalize your compressor’s sidechain signal… But why would this be beneficial and when might you need to use this function? In this article, we’ll break down the reasons to equalize your compressor’s sidechain signal.

Understanding a compressor’s sidechain

First, let’s briefly look at what a ‘sidechain’ is. When a signal enters a compressor, a copy of the signal is fed to the compressor’s ‘sidechain’ circuit. The sidechain analyses this copy of the signal to determine when the compressor should apply compression. Some compressor’s allow you to feed a signal from a different track into the sidechain to create sidechain compression. Regardless of which signal feeds the sidechain, many compressors offer you the ability to equalize the signal that the sidechain sees using built in filters.

When equalizing your compressor’s sidechain signal, it’s important to note that applying this equalization does not work in the same way that inserting an EQ on a track does. We do not hear the EQ move directly, although a change in tonality is often likely as we will see later on. Instead, these EQ moves only alter the version of the signal that the sidechain sees.

Equalizing your compressor’s sidechain creates a more uniform response across the frequency spectrum

So why might you choose to equalize your compressor’s sidechain signal? One reason is that compressors are generally more responsive to low end frequencies. So with many instruments, the lower the note, the more the signal excites the compressor.

Let’s look at an example of a vocal track. The lower notes being performed will be compressed more than the higher notes. The same is true of bass guitars and many other instruments. This has the potential to make things sound somewhat unbalanced. Further still, compression which is triggered by low frequencies is applied to the signal’s entire frequency spectrum. For signals which contain a broad range of frequencies, this can have a dulling effect as the compression being triggered by the low end will compress the high end too.

In these instances, equalizing your compressor’s sidechain signal allows you to cut some of the low end that the sidechain sees. Taking away some of this low end which would normally trigger larger amounts of compression makes the compressor respond in a more unified way across the frequency spectrum. The compressor will still apply compression to all of the track’s frequencies, but you are making the compressor less sensitive to some of the low end frequencies.

Equalizing your compressor’s sidechain allows you to attenuate problem frequencies

Another use of sidechain equalization is to make your compressor respond more to selected frequencies than others. You do this by boosting the frequencies in the sidechain signal. This is often used to create a ‘de-esser’ for vocals. To do this, you boost the band of frequencies where the sibilant sounds are occurring. The sibilant sounds are the harsh S and T sounds. With these sibilant frequencies boosted, the compressor will react most to those frequencies. This helps to reduce the track’s sibilance. The whole frequency range of the signal will still be compressed, but you are making the compressor more sensitive to your selected frequencies.

Conclusion

So as you can see, equalizing your compressor’s sidechain signal allows you to take full control over the way your compressor reacts to a signal’s frequency content. This allows you the ability to really tailor the way that your compressor reacts to different sounds.

Do you equalize the sidechain signal on your compressor? If so, what do you use this process for?

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